iStock(ROCHESTER, N.Y.) — A New York man was charged with harassment after he told a teenager he was in the KKK and then sprayed the teen down with a hose, police said.Police said the incident stemmed from a dispute in a park near the house of Glen Nicodemus, 59, of Rochester. Steven Clancey, the chief of police with the Rochester Police Department, told ABC News Nicodemus was having trouble with a group of kids who had been allegedly harassing his mother.Nicodemus then spotted the kids he thought were involved and went to the park to take their pictures so he could identify them to police, Clancey said, though he noted he did not know if it was actually the group that was allegedly making fun of Nicodemus’ mother.The group of kids and Nicodemus got in a “dispute” at the park after he began taking pictures of them. Police responded to that incident and spoke to all involved before everyone parted ways without arrests or citations.It was about half an hour after that when some of the kids, including 14-year-old Jaiden Rodriguez, walked by Nicodemus’ home, saw he was outside and began exchanging words again, according to Clancey.In the video of the Aug. 14 incident apparently taken by one of the kids, Nicodemus can be seen grabbing his hose and spraying Rodriguez after telling him he was “a member of the Ku Klux Klan.” Rodriguez makes threats to beat Clancey up, but walks away with friends as he’s being sprayed.Christina Poles, Rodriguez’s mother who later posted the video to Facebook, said her son has received “tremendous support” since the incident, which she thinks has helped him overcome the dispute.“He was very nervous to do a police statement and advocate for himself,” she told ABC News.A man who identified himself as Nicodemus’ father declined to comment when reached by ABC News on the phone.Police said the incident did not rise to the level of a hate crime after checking with the New York State Police Hate Crimes Unit and the Monroe County District Attorney’s Office.Clancey said a judge did issue an order of protection for Rodriguez, but noted that Nicodemus is not a member of the KKK.“[Nicodemus] said some stupid things … but there’s no hate crime here. Just harassment,” Clancey said.Nicodemus was arraigned by police on Wednesday. He has since been released and will report to pre-trial release under supervision.Copyright © 2019, ABC Radio. All rights reserved.
Present threats to Antarctic seabirds and seals when ashore include disturbance and habitat destruction (some directly caused by humans; most through the introduction of rabbits and other grazers; also seal damage to seabird habitats) and serious predation by introduced rats and cats at sub-Antarctic islands. In the marine environment threats are posed by pesticides (widespread but at low levels), pollution (mainly a potential problem associated with oil exploration), incidental takes (trivial now, except perhaps for some albatrosses) and competition with commercial fisheries, which is reviewed in detail. Even in areas where harvesting of fish may be exceeding sustainable yield, predator-prey interaction data are inadequate to assess the level, or significance, of the effect on predators. Present krill harvests are small but likely to increase, especially in favoured areas; species of potential vulnerability are noted. Existing legislation offers excellent protection for wildlife, but formally protected areas by no means cover the major breeding concentrations of seabirds and especially seals in all sectors and zones. There is a need for a comprehensive review, which in some areas will require extensive survey work. Programmes for the control and elimination of alien predators need proper planning and major support. Marine reserves may be of limited benefit to pelagic seals and seabirds, and further research in some key areas is needed. Realistic environmental impact assessments will require more detailed information on predator distribution and movements than is available now; appropriate surveys and research need starting. Sensitive management of marine fisheries is difficult with the present level of quantitative data on predator-prey interactions (though this is better than in many other pelagic systems). Difficulties in monitoring aspects of predator biology as indices of the state of prey stocks are reviewed.
A study conducted at South Georgia in 1988/1989 indicated that several thousand Antarctic fur seals were entangled mainly in man-made material originating from fishing vessels. Consequently, the authority responsible for the management of Southern Ocean marine resources (CCAMLR) actively campaigned for compliance with the MARPOL provisions relating to waste disposal at sea, and for cutting of any material unavoidably jettisoned which could form collars to entangle seals. Five subsequent years of recording entangled fur seals confirms that entanglement is a persistent problem, although its incidence has been halved in recent years. However, the South Georgia fur seal population has approximately doubled in the same period, so that the overall total of animals entangled may even have increased. Nevertheless, because most seals entangled are juvenile males, the current rate of entanglement will have negligible effects on the reproductive rate of the South Georgia population, especially in relation to its current rate of population increase. The reduction in observed entanglement incidence cannot be attributed mainly to improved waste disposal practices because it has coincided with substantial reductions in fishing activity around South Georgia. However, the particular reduction in entanglement due to packing bands and the fact that all such bands washed ashore over the last 2 years have been cut, does suggest a general improvement in standards of waste disposal on Southern Ocean fishing vessels
Source: Company Press Release Eddyfi/NDT acquires Halfwave & its ART Technology. (Credit: CNW Group/Eddyfi/NDT) Eddyfi/NDT announced today the acquisition of Halfwave, headquartered in Bergen, Norway. Halfwave is the owner of the proprietary Acoustic Resonance Technology (ART), an ultrasound-based technique which allows high-precision measurements in imperfect conditions and without the need for liquid couplant. The company is currently active worldwide in the field of Subsea inspection and Pipeline inline inspection (ILI). The company has over 70 employees and additional offices in Oslo, Norway, and Houston, USA.Martin Theriault, CEO of Eddyfi/NDT, says: “We are first and foremost an NDT technology company. The uniqueness and proprietary nature of the ART technique was an opportunity we could not miss. This acquisition is very synergetic for our group, impacting all 3 of our business units. Eddyfi Technologies will benefit from leveraging a new modality to create a multitude of new applications. TSC Subsea will add a second, highly differentiated modality to its offering. NDT Global will officially enter the in-service gas pipeline segment and present a competitive alternative to EMAT insofar as SCC crack detection. All in all, the transaction reinforces Eddyfi/NDT’s positioning as a high-end, high-performance solutions provider agnostic to any particular modality.”Halfwave Subsea will merge with TSC Subsea, and the two units will mutually benefit from larger scale and market access. Halfwave AS, the ILI entity, will kick off its integration with NDT Global at the PPIM Conference in Houston this week. The initial focus will be on creating rapid sales synergies. NDT Global’s operational know-how, experience and footprint will improve the robustness of ART inspection service. The integration process is expected to be finalized during the course of 2020. This will allow the Halfwave team to remain focused on continuing to develop the science for onshore metal thickness applications, as well as crack inspection.Novacap alongside its co-investors and CDPQ, along with National Bank of Canada and Investissement Quebec, have provided their support for the transaction. “The team at Eddyfi/NDT is highly determined to succeed. What better way to accelerate their entry into the Advanced Integrated Inspection strategy than with a play in both ILI and Subsea,” said David Lewin, Senior Partner at Novacap (TMT). This transaction is the team’s 8th acquisition in less than 4 years. “In addition to successfully executing its ambitious growth plan, Eddyfi/NDT has demonstrated a strong ability to integrate companies into its portfolio, becoming today a world leader in its industry,” said Charles Emond, President and Chief Executive Officer of CDPQ.Halfwave was acquired from its main shareholders – EV Private Equity, Shell Technology Ventures, Chevron Technology Ventures and DNVGL – in addition to key employee shareholders. Halfwave´s Chairman and Senior Partner at EV Private Equity, Einar Gamman, observed: “It was very important for the shareholders to find a buyer that could continue perfecting the ART technique and accelerate its global adoption. Following a competitive process, we found there was no better entity than Eddyfi/NDT to deliver the most prosperous future for the ART offering. I want to thank the staff of Halfwave, who have, since our initial investment in 2012, developed and commercialized a set of disruptive asset integrity inspection techniques and as such I am proud that we are positively contributing to the important global targets of safer operations of, and reduced emissions from, the up & midstream hydrocarbon industry.”CEO of Halfwave, Paul S Cooper, adds: “It has been a great journey growing and developing the ART NDT platform into unique market-leading pipeline and subsea inspection applications. The combination of a talented Halfwave team, forward-looking clients and unwavering support from our owners has provided an unstoppable recipe for success. Eddyfi/NDT’s impressive complementary technology portfolio, technology focus and global footprint provides the perfect vehicle for ART to realize its full potential in the market. We are very excited at becoming part of the Eddyfi/NDT team.”Baird acted as an exclusive financial advisor to Eddyfi/NDT in the transaction. McCarthy Tétrault acted as lead legal advisor to Eddyfi/NDT.Simmons Energy, a division of Piper Sandler, acted as an exclusive financial advisor to Halfwave and its shareholders in the transaction, and law firm Schjødt acted as the legal advisor to Halfwave. Novacap alongside its co-investors and CDPQ, along with National Bank of Canada and Investissement Quebec, have provided their support for the transaction
An active and well-articulated research agenda, coupled withinterest and ability to secure external grant funding.Experience working with racially diverse students in theclassroom, and an understanding of how historical patterns ofexclusion of groups within higher education, and the profession,shape patterns of participation and outcomes.Willingness to examine and re-mediate one’s instructional,relational, and classroom practices to more effectively engage andsupport historically underserved students.We encourage applicants whose research or scholarly interestsintersect with any of the following: Data Analytics, DesignThinking, Ethnic Studies Education, Health Equity, HealthInfrastructures, and/or Sustainable Futures. Doctorate by date of appointment.Demonstrated ability to teach undergraduate and graduateclasses in Sport Management, as well as core major classes and/orgeneral education classes as needed.Record of publications or strong potential forpublications.Knowledge of disciplinary trends in the field of SportManagement regarding issues that center upon race, gender, sexualorientation, immigration, and underserved communities.Must have academic training grounded in Sport Management, withtheoretical background and research foci that includes one or moreof the following sport management sub-specialties: analytics,economics, E-sports, ethics, facilities and events, finance,globalization, governance, law, marketing, socio-culturalperspectives, or sustainability.Ability and desire to serve on thesis committees, supervisetheses/projects, and advise in both the graduate and undergraduateprograms.Ability and willingness to develop ongoing relationships andinternship opportunities with sport organizations, facilities, andcommunity groups at a variety of levels.Ability to work collegially at both the undergraduate andgraduate levels.Awareness of and sensitivity to the educational goals of amulticultural population as might have been gained incross-cultural study, training, teaching or other comparableexperience. Teach sport management courses at the undergraduate andgraduate levels, supervise theses/projects, serve on thesiscommittees, and advise students at both the undergraduate andgraduate levels. May also be expected to teach core major classes,general education, or support other departmental needs.Develop and sustain an ongoing record of research, scholarship,and/or creative activities, as well as other professionalengagement.Design and teach introductory and advanced level core coursesin Sport Management and Culture, as well as special topics on race,ethnicity, gender, immigration and other inclusive topics.Help to facilitate the growth of the undergraduate program insport management and culture, and propose courses/curricula asneeded.Help to facilitate growth of an innovative graduate sportmanagement program, propose courses/curricula as needed, andestablish internship opportunities with Bay Area sportorganizations.Actively engage in community outreach to increase thevisibility of the sport management programs.Membership and participation in appropriate professionalassociations. Contribute when appropriate to SJSU’s Institute forthe Study of Sport, Society, and Social Change.Conduct research, seek external funding where appropriate,present professional papers, and publish in professionaljournals.Participate in shared governance usually in department,college, and university committee and other serviceassignments.Demonstrated awareness of and experience responding to thestrengths and needs of a student population of great diversity—inage, cultural background, ethnicity, primary language and academicpreparation—through inclusive course materials, teachingstrategies, and advisement. Summary:The Department of Kinesiology at San José State University seeksqualified candidates for a full-time, Assistant Professor positionin Sport Management beginning in the Fall of 2021. Applicants mustdemonstrate the ability to teach at the undergraduate and graduatelevels with the potential for teaching excellence both within theclassroom and through online modalities. In addition, applicantsare expected to show scholarly promise in the form of publicationsin relevant journals, presentations at scholarly conferences, andthe willingness to apply for external funding. The Department ofKinesiology strongly values diversity, equity, and inclusion and iscommitted to creating and maintaining an atmosphere of socialjustice. Candidates from diverse backgrounds and with research inthe area of gender, race, diversity, inclusion, and equity in sportbusiness and management are strongly encouraged to apply. Our goalis to prepare our students in the field of sport management tounderstand structural inequities, including structural racism andsexism, and effect positive change throughout all levels of sportand physical activity.The SJSU Strategic Plan, Transformation 2030, calls upon the campusto: “Gain a national and global reputation for academic excellencecharacterized by scholarly and professional contributions fromfaculty members who are genuine teacher-scholars. The Department ofKinesiology is located in the College of Health and Human Sciences.We have a renewed, ongoing commitment to excellence in teaching andresearch/scholarship and engagement. The campus is poised to bloomand innovate, strengthening our connection to the surrounding SanJosé and Silicon Valley communities and further fulfilling oursocial justice mission of access, equity, opportunity, and success.The research endeavor at both the graduate and undergraduate levelsplays a critical role in preparing students for future careeropportunities, developing highly adaptable skill sets, and creatingmentoring opportunities with faculty members. The university’sstudents bring an inherent creativity that can be harnessed toaddress and solve pressing problems facing society today.The applicant must be committed to teaching and research activitiesof the highest academic and professional caliber, and maintain astudent-centric approach, thus contributing to the development ofstudents as productive, responsible, and caring citizens of theworld. In particular, applicants must have a strong commitment to:(a) teaching and working with a diverse population of students atthe undergraduate and graduate levels, (b) curricular innovation tocomplement and further advance the program, and (c)scholarship/research relevant to their field of practice. (d) Theapplicant should also demonstrate awareness of and sensitivity tothe educational goals of a multicultural population. The idealcandidate will be a highly motivated self-starter, have excellentwritten and oral communications skills, be a team player, and havean interest in developing university-community collaborations. Thecandidate must demonstrate potential for teaching and scholarlyexcellence.Required Qualifications: Preferred Qualifications: Responsibilities: Compensation: Commensurate with qualifications andexperience. See Benefits Summary for details.Starting Date: August 2021Eligibility: Employment is contingent upon proof ofeligibility to work in the United States.Application Procedure:Click Apply Now to complete the SJSU Online Employment Applicationand attach the following documents: Letter of interestCurriculum VitaeStatement of teaching interests/philosophy (1 page) thatdescribes what role faculty play in student success.Statement of research plans (1 page).Diversity Statement (1 page) that discusses best strategies forsupporting students historically marginalized in theprofession.Three references with contact information. Inquiries may be directed to the Department Chair:Dr. Tamar Z. SemerjianE-mail: [email protected]: 408-924-3069About SJSU/Department of Kinesiology:The Department of Kinesiology began as the first public system ofphysical activity in higher education in the West and one of theearliest in the entire US. In common with most programs, it beganas a physical education teacher education program, but in the last50 years has diversified into preparing students for many careersincluding personal training, sport management, athletic training,adapted physical activity, cardiac rehabilitation, physicaltherapy, exercise physiology, coaching, and sport psychology.Our students hail from a variety of backgrounds, which helps tocreate a diverse and active academic environment. The students(approximately 1200 undergraduate and 80 graduate) in ourdepartment are passionate about human movement and research. Theyexplore a variety of topics in our inter-connected programs thatinclude inclusive physical activity in communities, exercisephysiology, rehabilitation sciences, sport management and culture,and preparation for teacher education. We also offer a variety ofcourses in physical activity, physical fitness, exercise, sports,and wellness to the wider campus community.This position is an excellent opportunity for scholars interestedin launching a career at a comprehensive University that is anational leader in graduating historically underserved students.SJSU has achieved both HSI (Hispanic Serving Institution) andAANAPISI (Asian American and Native American PacificIslander-Serving Institution) status. Moreover, 40% of our studentpopulation are first-generation and 38% are Pell-qualified. As aresult, we rank third nationally in increasing student upwardmobility. In fact, SJSU has recently been recognized as the#1 Most Transformative College in the country by Money Magazine.We seek candidates whose research/scholarship, teaching and/orservice has prepared them to contribute to our commitment toengagement and inclusion of culturally diverse audiences in highereducation, and particularly in the area of Sport Management.The UniversitySan José State University enrolls over 35,700 students, asignificant percentage of whom are members of minority groups. Assuch, this position is for scholars interested in a career at anational leader in graduating URM students. The University iscommitted to increasing the diversity of its faculty so ourdisciplines, students, and the community can benefit from multipleethnic and gender perspectives.San José State University is California’s oldest institution ofpublic higher learning. Located in downtown San José (Pop.1,000,000) in the heart of Silicon Valley, SJSU is part of one ofthe most innovative regions in the world. As Silicon Valley’spublic university, SJSU combines dynamic teaching, research, anduniversity-industry experiences to prepare students to address thebiggest problems facing society. SJSU is a member of the 23-campusCalifornia State University (CSU) system.Equal Employment Statement:San José State University is an Affirmative Action/EqualOpportunity Employer. We consider qualified applicants foremployment without regard to race, color, religion, nationalorigin, age, gender, gender identity/expression, sexualorientation, genetic information, medical condition, maritalstatus, veteran status, or disability. This policy applies to allSan José State University students, faculty, and staff as well asUniversity programs and activities. Reasonable accommodations aremade for applicants with disabilities who self-disclose. Note thatall San José State University employees are considered mandatedreporters under the California Child Abuse and Neglect ReportingAct and are required to comply with the requirements set forth inCSU Executive Order 1083 as a condition of employment.Additional Information:A background check (including a criminal records check) must becompleted satisfactorily before any candidate can be offered aposition with the CSU. Failure to satisfactorily complete thebackground check may affect the application status of applicants orcontinued employment of current CSU employees who apply for theposition.Advertised: October 31, 2020 (9:00 AM) Pacific DaylightTimeApplications close:
2/529 JanuaryWill Eno’s The Flu Season sends out a very clear message: ‘This is drama! You need to switch your brain on.’ It’s a message that in some ways can only have the opposite effect on its audience. The play shows us a budding romance between two inmates in a psychiatric hospital (Andrew Johnson, Lucy Murphy) being treated by a clumsy doctor and nurse team (Sam Bright, Amy Mulholland).The really brain-busting bit comes with what this production calls ‘the meta-theatrical level of the narrators.’ Eno has a pair of narrators provide trite commentary on events during every scene change. They come out with vapid gems like: ‘is repetition a failure of daring or a step towards deliverance?’ This device shows that Eno lacks faith in the strength of his original story. It’s a lame trick to add depth and pseudo-sophistication to a play without bothering to build them into the plot itself.What redeems this show is the sensitivity of its production. Johnson and Murphy deliver beautifully tuned performances throughout the nervous development of their relationship. Eno’s patronising approach to characterisation seems to be: ‘Aren’t mad people sweet and funny.’ However, these actors give their roles a dignity that makes the grim conclusion surprisingly moving.Along with Mulholland’s slightly daffy nurse, the central couple respond well to the surreal drift of the language, with its non-sequiturs and subverted word order. It seems unfair that this show got a reviewer who so disliked the play itself. You might love engaging with Eno’s commentary on his own work or the self-conscious cleverness of the narration. These things pissed me off and distanced me from the wonderful work of the production itself. It is charming in spite of its material, which must be some sort of recommendation.by Sam Pritchard
International students are hit by bank charges of up to £1,000 when paying tuition fees, according to TransferWise, a financial services company. However Oxford students have met their claims with scepticism and surprise. TransferWise claim, “The average self-financing undergraduate, paying tuition fees at £9,000, unwittingly pays £335 in hidden bank charges… MBA students fees [sic] are hit the worst with hidden charges potentially running upwards of £1,000.” Co-founder of TransferWise, Taavet Hinrikus said, “Whatever the banks’ marketing materials say, they do not offer international money transfers for free. High street banks take around five per cent of the money transferred through the exchange rate – even when they claim ‘no fees’. “It’s outrageous that the banks are hoodwinking students like this – tuition fees are high enough. I’ve made it my mission to do to money transfer what Skype did to calls.” However, Oxford students reacted with scepticism and surprise to TransferWise’s claims. Liv Utvaer, a second-year lawyer at New College said, “I just assumed they charged me a bit, but never bothered to look into the exact amount. Five per cent sounds like a lot.” Chrissie Yoon, a first-year Bio-chemist at Oriel commented, “Five per cent in context of the amount I pay for tuition is a considerable amount, and it’s unreasonable that I had absolutely no idea about it.” However, a survey conducted by TransferWise found that “eighty five per cent of those who made an international transfer in the last year significantly underestimated or simply don’t know how much they were charged.” The effects of bank charges hit some hard: Izabela Karasinska-Stanley, an international student at New College, was upset that as a result of poor bank exchange rates, “I have resorted to stealing money off my parents and eating home-grown potatoes because I am so poor.”But some students have taken steps to avoid bank charges: Navjeev Singh, an Economics & Management student at St Peter’s, said, “It is quite a hefty fee. So I pay everything from my UK bank account and avoid using my Singapore bank account as much as possible. My allowance is given in pounds and kept in my UK account. Five per cent is really high.”
A weekly feature from Ocean City Beach Patrol historian Fred Miller:Fifty years ago, July 31, 1964, the fastest Ocean City Beach Patrol rookie rowers pose with their trophies. From left, kneeling, John Pfister, Roy Zehner, Richard Gier; standing, City Commisssioner D. Allen Stretch, James Dodd, Peter DeCindis, John DeCindis, Captain George T. Lafferty.The 2014 OCBP tryouts will be held Saturday, June 14 and Sunday, June 15 at 9:00 a.m., on the First Street beach. An application form can be picked up at City Hall or at www.ocnj.us/employment. Starting lifeguard pay is $11.28 per hour.
This recipe was devised by Nicolas Boussin, winner of the coveted title of Best Pastry Chef in France. Inspired by a burning log fire, but by no means confined to Christmas, this recipe has warm fiery overtones. This luxury chocolate cake costs less than £1 per slice net to make, but can retail for up to £4 per slice in a high-end bakery, café or patisserie. Each cake serves eight slices or can be sold whole.Makes four logs each measuring 9x26cm== Chocolate Cake (total weight 916g: ½ frame) ==80g Ground almonds165g Flour6g Baking powder40g Cocoa powder125g Eggs180g Sugar45g Trimoline (invert sugar)100g Whipping cream75g 66% dark chocolate100g ButterMethod1. Sift the flour, baking powder and cocoa powder together, then add the ground almonds.2. Melt the chopped chocolate and butter together. Combine the eggs, sugar and trimoline without beating and add the cream. Fold in the melted butter and chocolate and the sifted together dry ingredients.3. Pour the batter into a frame or mould and bake at 200°C for approximately 15 mins. Allow to cool.TIP: If time allows, cook the cake base the day before. This allows the starch to absorb the syrup more effectively when assembling.== Orange Compôte (total weight 388g) ==3 Oranges65g Brown sugarZest of 1 orange5g Lemon juice1.5cl Grand Marnier @ 50% vol extract3g StarchMethodPeel the orange and purée in a food processor, leaving some small pieces of oranges. Bring the purée, brown sugar and zest to a boil (see image A).2. Stir in the lemon juice and the starch, thinned with extract and bring back to the boil.3. Set aside and refrigerate.== For Syrup (total weight 130g) ==10cl light syrup (boil 1 litre water with 800g sugar)3cl Grand Marnier 50% vol extract== For Ganache (total weight 695g: ½ frame) ==300g Whipping cream150g Dark chocolate150g Milk chocolate40g Glucose20g Trimoline3.5cl Grand Marnier 50% vol extractMethod1. Bring the cream, glucose and trimoline to the boil and pour over the chopped chocolate.2. Add the extract, stir well to combine. Let cool.3. Lightly whip the ganache before pouring it into the frame (image B).TIP: add the cream to the dark chocolate first and mix slowly or the fat, cocoa and sugar will separate and the ganache will not be smooth. Then add the milk chocolate. Always use a combination of dark and milk chocolate, because the strong flavour of dark chocolate will overpower the distinct taste of the extract.== Icing (total weight 1,200g) ==600g Dark glazing paste (compound chocolate)400g Dark chocolate20cl Hazelnut oilMelt the chocolate and glazing paste and add the oil.Assembly and decoration1. Brush the cake with the syrup and spread the orange compote over the top. Place in the freezer (images C and D).2. Pour the lightly whipped ganache into a 27cm x 37cm frame, then top with the frozen cake. Press down to even out, so that the cake is flat. Place in the freezer for approximately one hour (it should be hard).3. Unmould the cake and cut to 9cm in width then place on a cooling rack and pour over the icing, so that the excess runs off. Sprinkle the sugar mixed with the orange zest all over the cake so that it sticks (image E). Decorate with a bundle of sticks and the dried orange rounds.== Orange Sticks (total weight 302g) ==For the pastry:100g Flour30g Ground hazelnuts70g Ground almonds1g Cinnamon1g Salt3.5cl Water40g Sugar2.5cl Grand Marnier 50% vol extractZest of 1 orangeFor outer coating:100g Brown sugarZest of 1 orangeMethod1. Bring the water, sugar and zest to the boil. Remove from the heat and add the extract.2. Combine the flour, ground nuts, cinnamon and salt and mix in the liquid. Allow to rest for 10 mins, then roll the pastry out very thinly and cut into very narrow strips.3. Roll in the orange zest and brown sugar mixture (image F).4. Arrange on a Silpat mat and bake at 160°C for 10 mins until the sticks are golden in colour. Let cool and tie into a bundle with a gold ribbon.TIP: No fat or egg is present in the sticks to keep them crispy.== Dried Orange Rounds ==Method1. Cut 1 orange into 2mm thick rounds. 2. Arrange on a baking sheet between two sheets of parchment paper and let dry in a 60°C oven for approximately three hours. 3. Store in an airtight container.TIP: Aim for 4-6% pure alcohol in the finished product. This will give good flavour delivery and enhance the taste of the other ingredients.
In the battle against brain cancer, doctors now have a new weapon: an imaging technology that will make brain surgery dramatically more accurate by allowing surgeons to distinguish between brain tissue and tumors at a microscopic level.Called SRS microscopy — short for stimulated Raman scattering — a team of researchers that included Xiaoliang Sunney Xie, the Mallinckrodt Professor of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, and Minbiao Ji, a postdoctoral fellow in chemistry and chemical biology, were able to “see” the tiniest areas of tumor cells in brain tissue, and to distinguish tumor from healthy tissue in the brains of living mice. Then they showed that the same was possible in tissue removed from a patient with glioblastoma multiforme, one of the most deadly brain tumors. The research is described in a Sept. 4 paper in Science Translational Medicine.“Biopsy has been the gold standard for detecting and removing these types of tumors,” said Xie, the co-lead author of the paper. “But this technique, we believe, is better because it’s live. Surgeons can now skip all the steps of taking a biopsy, freezing, and staining the tissue. This technique allows them to do it all in vivo.”Developed by Xie and colleagues in 2008, SRS works by shining non-invasive lasers into tissue and detecting the weak signal that emerges. By analyzing the signal’s spectrum, researchers can build images of the cellular makeup of the tissue. By amplifying those signals, they transform a technique that once took hours or days into one that works in real time, and could offer a critical insight to surgeons in the operating room.With SRS microscopy, said Xie, “surgeons can now skip all the steps of taking a biopsy, freezing, and staining the tissue. This technique allows them to do it all in vivo.” File photo by Rose Lincoln/Harvard Staff PhotographerSince brain tissue and tumors contain different chemical makeups, researchers can create images that precisely show where the tumor “margin” — the boundary area where tumor cells infiltrate among normal cells — is located, helping to guide surgeons in the operating room.“It’s very nerve-wracking,” Xie said of the challenge facing surgeons. “They have an MRI image, and they know what needs to be removed, but the question is: Where do you stop? A very experienced surgeon may be able to discern between brain tissue and a tumor based on subtle color differences, but many surgeons, I believe, will find this technology a useful guide.”Working with a team of researchers led by Daniel Orringer, a physician and lecturer in the University of Michigan’s Department of Neurosurgery, Harvard researchers were able to show that the technique can be used to detect tumors in living mice, and in human brain tissue.On average, Orringer said, patients diagnosed with glioblastoma multiforme live only 18 months after diagnosis. Surgery is among the most effective treatments for such tumors, but less than a quarter of patients’ operations achieve the best possible results, according to a study published last fall in the Journal of Neurosurgery.“Though brain tumor surgery has advanced in many ways, survival for many patients is still poor, in part because surgeons can’t be sure that they’ve removed all tumor tissue before the operation is over,” said Orringer. “We need better tools for visualizing tumors during surgery, and SRS microscopy is highly promising. With SRS, we can see something that’s invisible through conventional surgical microscopy.”The authors suggest that SRS microscopy may be as accurate as Hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) staining, the current approach used in brain tumor diagnosis.In one test described in the paper, H&E staining was pitted directly against SRS microscopy. Three surgical pathologists, trained in studying brain tissue and spotting tumor cells, had virtually the same level of accuracy, regardless of which images they examined. The difference, Xie said, is that SRS microscopy can be done in real time, and without dyeing, removing, or processing tissue.“We are glad that this technology is now taking a step forward into a clinical application,” Xie said. “With this paper, we now have the proof of principle that this can be done in human brains in situ.”