50 Years Later: Astronaut Michael Collins on Apollo 11 mission

first_imgvia NASA(NEW YORK) —  Three men went to the moon, but only two walked on the lunar surface.Astronaut Michael Collins, the man who manned the command module during the moonwalk, reflected on the historic Apollo 11 mission as it celebrates its 50th anniversary on Saturday, July 20.“The thing that amazes me about Apollo 11 is everything worked as advertised,” Collins told ABC News’ Senior Transportation Correspondent David Kerley.A vivid image of the moon is still in Collins’ mind to this day.“My God that moon is immense and it’s so three-dimensional,” Collins said. “You have the sunlight illuminating the ring of the surface of the moon…but somehow beyond its size and its gloss it projects a feeling of fragility. It hit me that this is a fragile little tiny thing.”Collins is referred to by some as the loneliest man in the universe. He circled the moon alone for more than a day without witnessing the actual landing. He could occasionally hear audio from fellow Apollo 11 astronauts Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin walking on the moon, but the signal would disappear when the command module went behind the moon. When the signal was down, he could not talk to the crew or be reached by mission control in Houston.“I liked being in the command module by myself,” Collins said. “I had my own way of doing things, I had hot coffee. I took the center seat out and it was almost like being in a little church.”Referring to himself as Armstrong and Aldrin’s “ride home,” he worried about a scenario where they would be stuck on the moon.“They only had one little motor,” Collins said. “That was it. That motor had to work perfectly, if it didn’t and they were stuck on the moon I was going to come home and I would not have been a happy returnee. I’d be a marked man for the rest of my life.”Even though he didn’t walk on the moon, Collins said that he did not feel left out.“They were wonderful crew mates,” Collins said, “each in his own way. Buzz was from a technical background. Neil was not only a highly-experienced test pilot. He knew the whys and wherefores of the design of those spacecrafts. I felt very much an equal partner with them, I felt very much part of the trio.”When it came time to say goodbye to the command module, Collins left a message inside: “the finest ship to come down the line. God bless her.”He scribbled it first with a pencil, then came back and made it darker with a ballpoint pen.“I didn’t really want to say goodbye to Columbia without saying ‘goodbye’,” Collins said. “And that was my way of saying goodbye and thank you. Columbia had been such a wonderful machine and taken care of us.”For the next space venture Collins has his eyes set on Mars.“I think in going to Mars we should go not primarily as Americans, but as human inhabitants of Earth,” Collins said.Copyright © 2019, ABC Radio. All rights reserved.last_img read more

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Catapult death

first_imgTwo men charged with the manslaughter of a Wadham student have both pleaded not guilty in the latest judicial hearing regarding the tragic event. Appearing at Bristol Crown Court, 44 year old David Aitkenhead, and Richard Wicks, 32, were again released on bail, with no trial date having been set. Kostadin Yankov, a first year biochemistry student, died as a result of injuries sustained when being fired from a human catapult.ARCHIVE: 0th Week MT2003last_img

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The Mpemba effect

first_imgOn the aspect of repeatability, Walker reported that whilst most of his results were repeatable, he sometimes observe large variations in his results and said “I have not been able to resolve the controversy”. Having boiled some milk for making ice cream, his class were told to let the mixture cool before putting it in the refrigerator. Mpemba, however was anxious of ensuring himself a space so put his mixture in straight away. I said Mpemba re-discovered this; having mentioned this “Mpemba Effect” in one of their articles, the “New Scientist” was subsequently flooded with anecdotes from all over the world of only the hot water pipes freezing during a short cold snap, ice-rink operators preferring to use hot water and so on. Osborn and Mpemba published these results in a journal called “Physics Education”, coincidentally the same year that George Kell at the National Research Council of Canada in Ottawa reported the same phenomenon that year in the “American Journal of Physics”. In a subsequent year at high school Mpemba was taught about Newton’s law of cooling in science: the rate at which a body cools is proportional to the temperature difference between that body and its surroundings:…which leads to the solution… Any set of cooling curves plotted from such a function will never cross, no matter what the initial starting temperature. So a curve which starts at a higher temperature will never undercut a curve starting at a lower temperature and will therefore always take longer to cool. Varying the parameter k on the other hand could well cause graphs to cross. But this parameter is determined from some initial conditions, if both systems are not identical in such things as geometry or arrangement, with the exception of starting temperature, then it is hardly appropriate to compare cooling times for different initial temperatures. The lab-assistant reported the hot water had frozen first, but not to worry, “I’ll keep on repeating the experiment until we get the right result.” After several attempts it seemed Mpemba was right – hot water would freeze faster than cold water. However, Mpemba was undeterred by a theory which didn’t seem to support his observations: he’d asked a friend who sold ice cream in a nearby town who told him he routinely used hot mixtures because they froze more quickly. Still persisting with this, in 1969 a visiting academic from University College in the capital called Dr Osborne came to visit Mpemba’s school and he jumped at the opportunity to quiz him about this apparent violation of Newton’s Law. Thankfully he didn’t dismiss it outright, and upon returning to Dar es Salaam, he instructed a lab-assistant to carry out an experiment to see if hot water would freeze more quickly than cold water. Publish or perish He came away with the simple observation that “hot liquids freeze faster than cold liquids”.His science teacher told him this was impossible and he must have got mixed up. So why exactly is this impossible? So this clearly wasn’t unheard of. Mpemba was a secondary school student in Tanzania in 1963 who had the fortune of re-discovering some interesting physics during one of his cookery lessons. Surely the validity of this effect can be deduced by carrying out experiments – however this has proved surprisingly difficult. The Mpemba effect is only observed under certain conditions – there are clearly many factors which could affect how quickly water cools such as the geometry of the container, the volume of water and the temperature of the refrigerator. In 1977, Jearl Walker published results in the “Scientific American” whereby the time to freeze was measured against the initial temperature for a variety of containers. His results showed two things. Firstly where negative gradients occur, water at an initially higher temperature appeared to be freezing more quickly. Secondly, this is by no means a universal effect, since most of the curves showed very little (if any) in the way of negative gradients. The other students waited and put their mixtures in later, after they’d cooled down. Having noted the time his ice cream entered the freezer compared with the rest of his class, Mpemba realised his mixture had frozen significantly faster than everyone else’s. So assuming both Newton and Mpemba are correct – how do we understand what is going on here? Can we somehow reconcile these two arguments? CHECK BACK NEXT WEEK TO FIND OUT…by Will Frasslast_img read more

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“Trans-exclusionary” group Woman’s Place UK received £20,000 “consultancy fee” from University

first_imgProfessor Selina Todd and the History Faculty have been approached for comment. Woman’s Place UK received £20,000 in return for consultancy work as part of the University of Oxford’s project Women and Equalities Law: Historical Perspectives on Present Issues. In their 2018-2020 financial statement, the group explained: “We received a consultancy fee of £20,000 from Oxford University to support research into women’s sex based rights… The funding from Oxford University went towards the costs of the Women’s Liberation 2020 conference and in support of The Political Erasure of Sex research project.” £20,000 is the largest single amount recorded in the financial statement and represents 15.7% of the group’s total income from January 2018 to October 2020. The group does not publicly advertise any consultancy services. Sex and the Census claims that “the UK census authorities are jeopardising our ability to collect robust, high quality sex-disaggregated data in the forthcoming UK census” due to “changes to the sex question in the census” so “the sex question now records ‘self-identified sex’, or gender identity, rather than biological sex”. The report concludes that “the demands of groups which claim to represent the interests of the trans community have been privileged to the detriment of women, but also to those who require robust data on sex to plan public services, allocate public resources and monitor equalities outcomes”. This funding has culminated in a research project titled The Political Erasure of Sex. On the project’s website, the first report, Sex and the Census, is described as one which “explores how the almost exclusive reliance on consulting with stakeholders from LGBT organisations led the census authorities to conflate the concepts of sex and gender identity, confuse what they are measuring, and redefine the sex question on the census as a gender identity question. This process, we show, has happened without democratic transparency or accountability, and to the detriment of the interests of people who are protected in law under the characteristic of sex, and to the needs of data-users more widely”. Professor Selina Todd has been described as having “anti-trans beliefs” by the Oxford SU LBGTQ Campaign and was disinvited from the Oxford International Women’s Festival in March on the basis of her views regarding gender identity. Todd has also described herself as a “strong supporter” of Woman’s Place UK and co-signed a letter to the Labour Party regarding the Party’s inclusion of transgender women within their all-women shortlists. The letter claimed that this stance was “asserting gender identity over sex-based exemptions” and did not uphold women’s rights to “sex-segregated spaces”. The letter continued that “we will not tolerate women being slurred with the misogynist insult TERF [Trans-Exclusionary Radical Feminist] or being called ‘cis’ against their will”. The Labour Campaign for Trans Rights has criticised Woman’s Place UK, describing them as a “trans-exclusionary hate group”. The campaign’s pledges labelling WPUK as such were signed by politicians including Lisa Nandy, Rebecca Long-Bailey, Dawn Butler, and Emily Thornberry. The Oxford Student Union LGBTQ Campaign responded to Woman’s Place UK’s consultancy work: “The campaign is horrified but not shocked to learn of the university’s financial contributions to WPUK. We do not believe that the presence of WPUK in Oxford or the university’s monetary support of them is compatible with any effort to create an environment that is welcoming or supportive of trans students and employees, but the institution’s failure to listen to its trans students makes its repeated positive engagement with this group less surprising than disappointing”.center_img When approached for comment by Cherwell, the University provided a link to the project’s website. Woman’s Place UK declined to expand on the precise nature of their consultancy work for the University and referred to the claims of the Labour Campaign for Trans Rights as “scurrilous and unevidenced”, continuing: “We are against all forms of discrimination. We believe in the right of everyone to live their lives free from discrimination and harassment…We were established to ensure that very real concerns about how changes to the GRA might impact on the Equality Act were considered in the government’s public consultation… Sadly, several LGBT+ organisations (Stonewall, Gendered Intelligence, Scottish Trans Alliance) have actively lobbied to have these single sex exemptions removed from the Equality Act. It is perfectly proper that women should be able to campaign to keep them”. The History Faculty, which hosts Women and Equalities Law: Historical Perspectives on Present Issues, has described the project further, explaining how it was “funded by Strategic Priority QR funding allocated to Oxford University. It is led by Professor Selina Todd and aims to use existing research to inform policymaking in the area of women’s equalities… An outcome of the project is a report examining the importance of collecting data on men and women in national records such as the census. This report has been disseminated to policymakers and bodies responsible for designing and delivering the next UK census in 2021 (2022 in Scotland)”. Image Credit: Pixabay.last_img read more

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Aces Defeat Southern Illinois In Big Senior Day Win

first_imgUE Takes 75-44 Win Over Salukis EVANSVILLE, Ind. – In what may have been the top team performance of the season, the University of Evansville men’s basketball team led wire-to-wire as they earned a 75-44 Senior Day win over Southern Illinois at the Ford Center.Evansville (17-14, 7-11 MVC) opened the game on a 7-2 run and added to the lead from there, going up by as many as 34 points in the largest margin of win in a league game for UE since defeating Bradley, 67-35, on January 9, 2016.“We asked our guys to play for the seniors today and they did a great job today.  They knocked it out of the park,” Aces head coach Marty Simmons said.  “The team did a great job and we look forward to carrying this momentum to St. Louis.”Ryan Taylor was the leading scorer for the Aces for the ninth game in a row, posting 25 points on 10-of-18 shooting.  Dru Smith, playing in his first game since Feb. 10, scored 14 while Blake Simmons finished with 12 in his final home game.  Simmons, along with fellow seniors Duane Gibson and Dalen Traore, made the start on Saturday.  Gibson had a stellar game, posting 8 points and 8 assists while Traore had 2 points and 3 rebounds.“This was a big win for us, we hope this can give us some momentum heading into the tournament,” Gibson explained.Southern Illinois (19-12, 11-7 MVC) was Armon Fletcher and Tyler Smithpeters record 11 and 10 points, respectively.It was the senior class carrying the load early on for the Purple Aces, posting the first nine points of the game.  Duane Gibson had the first two buckets before Blake Simmons scored the next five UE points.  His triple gave his team a 7-2 lead.After SIU got within two, Dru Smith, playing his first game in two weeks, scored on a drive to the basket to push the lead to 11-7.  His basket set the Aces on a 13-0 run as the Salukis went scoreless for six minutes while missing seven shots in a row.  Tyler Smithpeters ended the drought for SIU with his second long ball of the day to make it a 20-10 game with 8:08 left in the half.Despite getting back within ten, the Saluki offense continued to struggle, finishing the half at 23.8%.  With under four minutes on the clock, Ryan Taylor down his second triple to push the lead to 17 and in the final seconds, Noah Frederking was true from downtown to send the Aces to the half with a 36-17 lead.  Evansville shot 62.5% in the opening stanza.Four of the first five UE shots found the bottom of the net to open the second half as the lead grew to 24 points at 46-22.  Taylor and Simmons each had tripled in the run.  With over eight minutes left in the contest, the lead reached 30 on a jumper by Gibson and the advantage grew to as many as 34 points when another Taylor triple pushed the lead to 73-39.  In the final minute, the Salukis hit a three to cut the final margin for the Aces to 31 – 75-44.UE completed the game shooting 56.4% while holding the Salukis to just 31.0%.  The Aces also finished with a 35-24 advantage in rebounding.Evansville picked up its 8th win in the last 10 Senior Day games and UE’s class of Duane Gibson, Blake Simmons, and Dalen Traore will remember it forever.“I could not have asked for a better day,” Simmons said.  “To have the kind of day we did is something that we will all remember for the rest of our lives.”For Traore, it was more than just a game.  During his postgame speech, he proposed to girlfriend Marly Solano and she said yes.“I was pretty confident all week, but I am so happy right now,” Traore said.  “I was not thinking about that beforehand, the game was my main focus.  All week we have been talking about how focused we wanted to be today.”His teammates joined him on the court for the proposal and explained what they mean to him.“The team is family to me.  These guys are my brothers.”Arch Madness in St. Louis is the next stop for the Purple Aces as they will open the tournament on Thursday.  The opponent and game time will be finalized as soon as the latest RPI is released on Sunday morning.FacebookTwitterCopy LinkEmailSharelast_img read more

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first_imgEvansville, IN – Below are the felony cases to be filed by the Vanderburgh County Prosecutor’s Office yesterday.Clinton H. Hayden: Possession of methamphetamine (Level 6 Felony), Unlawful possession of syringe (Level 6 Felony), Possession of paraphernalia (Class A misdemeanor)Ronald J. McCallister: Domestic battery (Level 6 Felony), Intimidation (Level 6 Felony), Attempt Obstruction of justice (Level 6 Felony)Kelvin Dewayne Easley Jr.: Domestic battery (Level 5 Felony), Criminal confinement (Level 6 Felony), Criminal mischief (Class B misdemeanor), Interference with the reporting of a crime (Class A misdemeanor)Casondria Leeann Carter: Possession of methamphetamine (Level 6 Felony)Danielle Nicole Waters: Possession of methamphetamine (Level 6 Felony), Possession of paraphernalia (Class C misdemeanor)Amy Nicole Swearer: Possession of methamphetamine (Level 6 Felony), Possession of paraphernalia (Class C misdemeanor)Tina M. Money: Possession of methamphetamine (Level 6 Felony), Unlawful possession of syringe (Level 6 Felony)Kenneth E. Moody: Possession of methamphetamine (Level 6 Felony)FacebookTwitterCopy LinkEmailSharelast_img read more


London bakery goes cashless

first_imgSweet Things will be the first London eatery not to accept cash payments when it opens in Notting Hill on 4 January.A bakery and café owned by former MasterChef finalist Natalie Allen, it will offer a range of electronic payment options including credit, debit and contactless cards and electronic devices such as mobile phones and Apple Watches.The move comes for a range of reasons including customer convenience, as Allen says many of her customers no long carry cash with them. Other concerns include decreasing customer waiting times at the till, helping to keep staff hands clean and safety concerns.Allen said: “Not carrying cash means it’s not a risk to the shop and the staff.”She has not taken the decision lightly and said she would continue to accept cash at her pre-existing Primrose Hill shop for at least the next six months despite 70% of her customers using card payments.“I’ve done a lot of research,” she said, adding: “There’s actually a café in Amsterdam which has done it and has been very successful.”Sweet Things will be Allen’s second bakery, building on the success of her Primrose Hill premises of the same name, which has traded since 2005.It will serve a range of products, including cupcakes, carrot cake and sourdough toasties, made at the Primrose Hill bakery and completed at Notting Hill. Crêpes will also be made in the window with a range of sweet and savoury fillings and a party room at the back will play host to events including cupcake decorating classes.Allen does not currently have plans for further expansion as she want to maintain a hands-on approach to running her sites.She said: “It’s not really something I want to replicate and have a big chain.”last_img read more

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Mike Gordon Adds New Dates To 2018 Tour

first_imgFollowing Mike Gordon’s fall tour celebrating his most recent solo album OGOGO, back in October, the Phish bassist announced dates for an extensive winter tour spanning the bulk of February. Today, Gordon has added four new dates to his schedule, expanding his winter tour into spring with three shows in March and one show in April. Mike Gordon’s solo tour will also feature his regular bandmates Scott Murawski, Robert Walter, John Kimock, and Craig Myers.EXCLUSIVE: John Kimock Talks Life On The Road With Mike Gordon, KIMOCK’s New Album, & MoreGordon’s previously announced February dates spanning from February 9th through 24th focus primarily on the West Coast, with numerous performances in California, the Pacific Northwest, Nevada, Arizona, and Texas. Today, Gordon revealed that he will still be finding time to give the East Coast some love to start out 2018, with additional shows in Philadelphia on March 9th, Brooklyn on March 10th, and Albany on March 11th. Rounding out these spring performances is a hometown show at Burlington’s Higher Ground on April 5th.Watch Mike Gordon Go Deep During His Jam-Packed Hulaween Set [Videos]You can snag tickets to Mike Gordon’s upcoming winter and spring tour via a limited pre-sale here that starts today and ends on Thursday, January 11th at 5 p.m. (EST). Tickets go on-sale to the general public on Friday, January 12th, at 10 a.m. (EST).Mike Gordon Upcoming Tour Dates2/09 – Neptune Theatre, Seattle, WA2/10 – Wonder Ballroom, Portland, OR2/11 – Montbleu Resort Casino, Stateline, NV2/12 – The Catalyst, Santa Cruz, CA2/14 – The Independent, San Francisco, CA2/15 – The Independent, San Francisco, CA2/16 – Teregram Ballroom, Los Angeles, CA2/17 – Teregram Ballroom, Los Angeles, CA2/19 – Belly Up, Solana Beach, CA2/20 – 191 Toole, Tucson, AZ2/21 – The Crescent Ballroom, Phoenix, AZ2/23 – Emo’s, Austin, TX2/24 – House of Blues, Dallas, TX3/9 – Union Transfer, Philadelphia, PA3/10 – Brooklyn Steel, Brooklyn, NY3/11 – The Egg, Albany, NY4/5 – Higher Ground, Burlington, VT[Photo: Bill McAlaine]last_img read more

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Missouri bill would allow deadly force against demonstrators

first_imgCOLUMBIA, Mo. (AP) — A Missouri senator is trying to pass a bill that would allow the use of deadly force against protesters on private property. Members of a state Senate committee on Monday debated the change. The legislation also would give immunity to people who run over protesters blocking traffic. It would make demonstrations blocking traffic a felony crime. Republican supporters of the bill said blocking traffic can be dangerous if it blocks ambulances or police from responding to emergencies. Activists said enacting the bill would encourage vigilantism.last_img read more

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Man injured while working in Flaherty construction site

first_imgUpdated Thursday at 2:48 p.m.A 54-year-old man was taken to Memorial Hospital on Tuesday morning after suffering a puncture wound in the back while working in Flaherty Hall, University spokesperson Dennis Brown said in an email.The incident occurred 9:24 a.m. Tuesday morning according to the Notre Dame Security Police (NDSP) crime log.Brown said the incident is currently being investigated as a potential assault by NDSP, as well as a potential workplace accident by the Indiana Occupational Safety and Health Administration and the man’s company.Flaherty Hall, which is currently under construction, is set to open in August as the University’s newest women’s residence hall.Tags: flaherty hall, injury, Memorial Hospitallast_img read more

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