The man had been living with his sister in Dandenong, in Melbourne’s south-east, before being called into the Immigration Department in Melbourne last Tuesday and given a letter informing him authorities had judged him ”removable”. He is believed to be the first Tamil asylum seeker to be forced out of Australia since the latest spate of arrivals began in 2008 in the final months of Sri Lanka’s brutal civil war. Other Sri Lankan asylum seekers were either sent home from Indonesia after Australia asked for their boat to be intercepted or were from the Sinhalese community. ”If he goes there, they kill him,” his sister said in tears after being told he had been taken to the airport.Returned refugees are regularly stopped on arrival and interrogated by the Sri Lankan police’s Criminal Investigation Department.The Herald revealed this week that some returned asylum seekers had been held for months without trial and faced state-sanctioned torture as part of their interrogation. He arrived in Australia by plane in 2010, having fled Jaffna, a former stronghold of the Tamil Tiger separatists.His family insist he faces grave danger after Sri Lankan media published his photograph and what appeared to be an arrest warrant in his name. The sudden news of his departure yesterday morning set off a panicked bid by refugee advocates to get a court injunction – with emails showing the man had tried for two days to send a fax from within the Maribyrnong detention centre only to find the fax machine was not working.Joel Townsend, of Victoria Legal Aid, who represented the man in the appeal to the minister, said given recent reports from Sri Lanka about the treatment of returnees, the man was considering further action.”It is disappointing that we were not given more notice of this man’s removal,” he said. Australian immigration officials have forcibly deported to Sri Lanka a Tamil man suffering mental health problems, despite revelations asylum seekers have been beaten and tortured when sent back.In what threatens to be the first of up to 150 cases of Tamils sent back to Sri Lanka after failing to win refugee protection, a man in his early 30s was taken from a Melbourne detention centre to Tullamarine airport yesterday and put on a flight to Bangkok bound for Colombo. An immigration spokesman said the man had no valid visa and had failed to leave voluntarily. (Herald) The Tamil man – who the Herald has decided not to identify – had failed in his bid for refugee status and was refused a visa by the Immigration Minister, Chris Bowen, after appealing on mental health grounds.
“Is the gold industry being buoyed up by speculative sentiment rather than by the creation of real value?” Randgold Resources Chief Executive Mark Bristow asked at the Mining Indaba 2007 conference. Bristow said the growth in the industry’s market capital was attributable to mergers and acquisitions at the top end and a flurry of new listings at the bottom. Many producers were apparently concentrating on the exploitation of market opportunities rather than the development of profitable businesses, while investors were largely focused on the short term.Despite the spectacular rise in the gold price, the industry’s modest profit margin had not increased at the same rate because cash costs had also increased sharply, and due to a lack of exploration investment, the new gold supply was static and possibly declining. There was therefore no strong underlying support for the present value of the market.Bristow noted that of Africa’s ‘big six’ gold mines developed since 1995, only three had as yet generated real returns. “Because we’re in a bull market which rewards production rather than profits, nobody is focusing too much on this financial underperformance but ultimately it’s not a sustainable situation. Stakeholders expect rewards and their patience is not infinite. When host governments, for example, see that mines are not producing the promised profits, and therefore not paying the anticipated taxes, it prompts them to tax through royalties,” he said. “Successful operations support profitability, and profitability in turn supports sustainability. We don’t manage Randgold Resources with one eye on the next quarter and the other on the whims of the market – we manage it for the long-term benefit of all its stakeholders. The question remains: are we as an industry building profitable businesses or are we merely exploiting short-term opportunities? For Randgold Resources the answer is clear: we’ve built and we continue to build.”Randgold Resources discovered and developed the world-class Morila and Loulo deposits in Mali. Its Tongon project in the Côte d’Ivoire is currently at bankable feasibility stage.